If you head into any store that sells bait and tackle there will be a ton of different flies meant for fly fishing. It can be a little intimidating for a beginner to figure out which flies are which and where you should be using them. In fly fishing the right fly can make all the difference in whether you bring home dinner or just spend an afternoon casting out. To help you reel in the big one, let’s have a look at the different types of flies and where you should be using them.
Wet Fishing Flies
Flies are essentially meant to look like insects in their natural environment. Fish like bass or trout will bite at your flies thinking that they are aquatic insects, larvae, drowned surface insects or larvae that is swimming to the surface in order to hatch. Wet flies are use not just to resemble the insects but to have the same type of motion as an insect in the water. As you become more experienced in fly fishing your technique for emulating an insect will improve. That is why most beginners start out with dry flies. Here is some help improving your wet fly fishing technique.
Dry Fly Fishing
Unlike wet fly fishing these flies aren’t meant to go underwater. Rather they are meant to float along the surface of the water and resemble insects. That doesn’t mean that all flies resemble insects some are meant to look like mice, frogs or snakes. In order for the flies to stay on the water you may need to use an oil like Gink or something very similar. Smaller flies will rely on the surface tension of the water in order to look like they are floating.
A nymph fly is a wet fly and it is meant to resemble an insect living under the water. It is meant to look like insect larvae and if you are planning on trying out nymphs then you may have to add some weight to your line so that it stays underwater.
This type of fly doesn’t look anything like an insect at all but instead they look like an injured fish making them good prey for bigger fish.
Choosing the right type of fly will vary greatly on when and where you go fishing. If you are new to fly fishing then a guide can help you with the right flies for the area, you may want a tackle box full of all of them…just in case.